Nowadays Moldova is an independent country which occupies most of what has been known earlier as Bessarabia.

For the first time Moldova is mentioned as a state in historical sources in 1359. At that time voevod (thus were called the rulers of the country at the time) Bogdan and Moldovan ancestors, settled at Eastern Subcarpathia. In 1365 he gained recognition for Moldova as an independent state with the capital called Siret.

At the beginning of 16th century Moldova became Turkish vassal. Moldova had to pay tribute and Moldovan gospodars (the name of Moldovan rulers at this period) were appointed by Turkey. During 16th-17th centuries there had changed almost 50 gospodars. At 1646 there was published the first law book which had power until the middle of 18th century when according to Treaty of Kucuk-Kaynarca Russia got patronage over Moldova. After Russian-Turkish war 1787-1791 Moldova became a part of Russia. Bessarabia got special legal status. In 1873 Bessarabian region got status of government. ‘Stream of migrants’ flooded this part of the country. Agriculture became the main branch. Industry was developing very slowly.

In 1917 there was established Sfatul Tsarii (council of the country) and it declared about autonomy of Moldavia. On 2nd December 1917 Council declared Bessarabia to be Moldovan Democratic Republic and on 28th January 1918 it claimed about its independency. At that time after agreement with the Council Romanian military forces entered Bessarabia. However Russia sent Red Army forces to this territory. So, Moldovan lands were divided between Romania and Russia. On 26th and 27th June 1940 the USSR sent to Romanian Government claim to return Moldovan lands. On 28th June Romania marched the troops from Moldovan lands.

On 2nd August 1940 Supreme Soviet of the USSR passed the law about formation of Moldavian SSR. Moldavia changed accordingly to the USSR laws. There were nationalized banks and loan offices, trade enterprises, big dwelling houses and lots more.

At the beginning of August 1941 Bessarabia and Bucovina (parts of Moldova on the right Dniester coast) were declared to be part of Romania. However on 24th August there were liberated.

On summer 1989 in Chisinau there took place many demonstrations. Demonstrators claimed for independency of Moldova. On 27th August Great National Assembly declared Moldova to be independent. In 1992 there were armed conflicts between Moldova and Transnistria. There fell about 3000 persons in those conflicts. After armistice was reached there started discussions about the future of the country.

Thus, Moldova is an independent country with its own politics, economics and social life.

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